关于赛加羚羊

Saiga juvenile

摄影: EJ Milner-Gulland

赛加羚羊属于有蹄类迁徙物种,发源于中亚、俄罗斯的草原及沙漠地区。现今主要分布在蒙古、哈萨克斯坦、俄罗斯及乌兹别克斯坦,极少量分布于土库曼斯坦。赛加羚羊的典型栖息地为地势开阔的平原,灌木植被,便于动物迅速奔跑,一般难见于地势陡峭或森林密布的地区。

Range Map

分布图

1.前里海种群, 2. 乌拉尔地区种群, 3. 尤斯蒂尤尔特地区种群, 4.贝特帕科-达拉地区种群, 5.蒙古地区种群.数据来源于 Milner-Gulland, E.J., Kholodova, M.V., Bekenov, A.B., Bukreeva, O.M., Grachev, Iu.A.,Amgalan, L., Lushchekina, A.A. (2001) Dramatic declines in saiga antelope populations. Oryx 35, 340-345.

 

s03

摄影: EJ Milner-Gulland

作为迁徙物种,赛加羚羊大量群居,通常数量达千只。赛加羚羊的繁衍率极高,雌性个体一岁就开始具备繁殖能力,并且随后保持通常一胎产两仔的生产频率。强大的繁衍能力保证了该物种能抵御严冬、疾病以及过度捕猎的耐受力,使种群数量保持稳定。

Nav1

摄影: Navinder Singh

主要参考文献

Bekenov, A. B., Grachevand, A. and Milner-Gulland, E. J. 1998. The ecology and management of the Saiga antelope in Kazakhstan.Mammal Review28(1): 1-52.

Chan, S., Maksimuk, A. V. and Zhirnov, L. V. (eds). 1995.From steppe to store: the trade in saiga antelope horn. pp. 47 pp.. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.

Grubb, P. 2005. Artiodactyla. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds),Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), pp. 637-722. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Kuznetsov, V. and Lushchekina, A. 2002. Kalmyk saiga is on the verge of catastropheStepnoy bulluten11.

Kühl, A., Balinova, N., Bykova, E., Esipov, A., Arylov, Iu.A., Lushchekina, A.A., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2009) The role of saiga poaching in rural communities: Linkages between attitudes, socio-economic circumstances and behaviour,Biological Conservation,142; 7, 1442-1449

Lhagvasuren, B., Dulamtseren, S. and Amgalan, L. 2001. Mongolia. In: D. P. Mallon and S. C. Kingswood (eds),Antelopes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans, pp. 159-167. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Lushchekina, A. A., Dulamtseren, S., Amgalan, L. and Neronov, M. 1999.The status and prospects for conservation of the Mongolian saiga Saiga tatarica mongolica.

Mallon, D. P. and Kingswood, S. C. 2001. Chapter 41. Regional Action Plan for Antelope Conservation. In: D. P. Mallon and S. C. Kingswood (eds),Anteloepes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans, pp. 231-243. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Mallon, D. P. and Kingswood, S. C. 2001.Antelopes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Milner-Gulland, E. J., Bukreeva, O. M., Coulson, T., Lushchekina, A. A., Kholodova, M. V., Bekenov, A. B. and Grachev, Iu. A. 2003. Reproductive collapse in saiga antelope harems.Nature422: 135.

Milner-Gulland, E. J., Kholodova, M. V., Bekenov, A., Bukreeva, O. M., Grachev, I. A., Amgalan, L. and Lushchekina, A. A. 2001. Dramatic declines in saiga antelope populations.Oryx35(4): 340-345.

Sokolov, V. E. and Zhirnov, L. V. 1998.The Saiga antelope, phylogeny, systematics, ecology, conservation and use. Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Zahler, P. 2004. Recent Management and Conservation Initiatives for Mongolian Gazelle, Mongolian Saiga Antelope, and Gobi Bear.Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences2(2): 47-49.

Zahler, P., Lkhagvasuren, B., Reading, R. P., Wingard, G. J., Amgalanbaatar, S., Gombobaatar, S., Barton, N. and Onon, Yo. 2004. Illegal and Unsustainable Wildlife Hunting and Trade in Mongolia. Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences 2(1): 23-31